It is the first time in modern Olympic history that a global health issue has disrupted the Games.
"The leaders agreed that the Olympic Games in Tokyo could stand as a beacon of hope to the world during these troubled times and that the Olympic flame could become the light at the end of the tunnel in which the world finds itself at present," the IOC and Tokyo 2020 organizing committee said in a joint statement.
While the Olympic Games have previously been canceled during periods of war, and complicated by boycotts, this is the first time they have ever been suspended.
The decision to move the multi-billion dollar event will have widespread political, legal, logistical and financial ramifications, both locally in Japan and around the world. It also figures to cause headaches and heartaches across the international sports community — for federations and leagues that must now adapt their schedules, and for the 11,000 athletes who had spent years training to compete this summer.
Despite its complexities, this path became increasingly inevitable in recent weeks, as the novel coronavirus, also known as COVID-19, continued to spread. The disease, which was first identified in Wuhan, China in December, has now infected people in more than 160 countries around the world, shuttering entire cities and leaving thousands dead.
In the process, it also wreaked havoc on the Olympic qualifying model, forcing several international sports federations and national Olympic committees to postpone or cancel key events. Some athletes and coaches were stranded in foreign countries due to travel restrictions. Training regimens were disrupted. The Greek leg of the Olympic torch relay was held without fans, then canceled.
Yet despite those disruptions, and the rapid spread of the coronavirus, IOC officials and representatives from the Tokyo 2020 organizing committee maintained for months that the Olympics would not be affected. IOC president Thomas Bach urged athletes to continue training as usual, even as questions about the Games continued to swirl.
That determined approach changed as the opening ceremony drew closer and global health concerns about holding the event lingered.
The move to postpone the Games figures to have dramatic financial implications for several stakeholders, including the IOC – whose budget relies in large part on income from broadcast partners related to the Olympics – and Japan, which has already spent more than $28 billion to host these Games, according to the Associated Press.
The IOC has paid insurance premiums north of $12 million in both 2016 and 2018 to protect against the possible disruption of the Olympics, but Bach did not provide a figure for this year’s premium when asked by reporters earlier this month. The IOC had nearly $2 billion in reserve as of its most recent annual report, which was released last summer.
Japanese citizens have embraced their role as hosts of the Games, buying up tickets as soon as they became available. Organizers expected to sell about 7.8 million tickets, with at least 70% of them going to Japanese residents.
Beyond finances, this decision will also cause substantial disruptions for athletes, many of whom have put off college or other opportunities to train full-time with the objective of peaking in July. Now, they will have to put their training on hold. Some might be forced to give them up altogether — their Olympic dreams dashed, a nightmare come true.
Contributing: Nancy Armour, Rachel Axon, Christine Brennan and The Associated Press
Contact Tom Schad at email@example.com or on Twitter @Tom_Schad.