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Hurricane Matthew: Category Four storm pounds Haiti

Tuesday - 04/10/2016 23:06
The most powerful Caribbean hurricane in nearly a decade has hit Haiti, bringing 145mph (230km/h) winds, heavy rain and dangerous storm surges.

Hurricane Matthew, a Category Four storm, made landfall at the south-western tip at about 11:00 GMT.

The US National Hurricane Center (NHC) said Haiti was "getting everything a major hurricane can throw at them".

Reports from the southern coast spoke of communities under water and buildings stripped of roofs.

Marie Alta Jean-Baptiste, director of the country's Civil Protection Agency, told Associated Press: "It's much too early to know how bad things are but we do know there are a lot of houses that have been destroyed or damaged in the south."

One resident too ill to leave their home was killed when waves struck in the town of Port Salut.

Haiti's Interim President Jocelerme Privert said earlier that some people at sea or who had not "respected alerts" had died, but he gave no more details.

Haiti is one of the world's poorest countries and many of its residents live in areas prone to flooding. Matthew is expected to bring up to 40in (102cm) of rain to some parts as it moves north at about 15km/h.

A map showing Hurricane Arthur's path

Social media footage from the southern coastal town of Les Cayes showed palm trees being bent sideways and buildings with roofs sheared off.

American journalist Jacqueline Charles told the BBC from the capital, Port-au-Prince, that reports from Les Cayes spoke of people walking in water shoulder high, with relief workers saying that other coastal communities were also under water.

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Media captionLaura Sewell, from Care International, on the hurricane preparations

Fonie Pierre, director of Catholic Relief Services for Les Cayes, told AP: "Many people are now asking for help, but it's too late because there is no way to go evacuate them."

The mayor of Les Cayes, Jean Gabriel Fortune, posted tweets that included video showing damage in the Vernet area.


Nick Bryant, BBC News, Jimani border crossing, Haiti

Haiti has been taking a brutal pounding. The conditions here are atrocious - to step outside is to be drenched within seconds.

Most vulnerable have been those who inhabit the shacks along the western coastline. There, storm surges are the main danger.

People here are confronting life-threatening flooding and the likelihood of mudslides in a landscape denuded of trees.

This Category Four storm comes as this impoverished country is still recovering from the 2010 earthquake which killed more than 200,000 people, and a cholera epidemic that followed.

Many live in shanty towns that offer little protection from the high winds and rains. And many refused to evacuate, fearing that what few possessions they have left would be stolen.


A major road was swamped in Les Anglais, while the mayor of Tiburon, Remiza Denize, spoke of large waves hitting the town.

"Everyone is trying to find a safe place to protect themselves."

Guantanamo Bay evacuation

Haitian officials say that about 1,300 emergency shelters have been built, enough to accommodate 340,000 people. Both airports in Haiti are closed.

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Media captionHurricane Matthew hits Haiti - and where it will go next
Civil protection workers ask residents to evacuate their homes in Haiti
AP
Haitian authorities tried to persuade people to evacuate their homes
 
A couple look over Port-au-Prince, Haiti
REUTERS
Many Haitians live in flimsy huts vulnerable to flooding. The sign reads "house for sale"
 
Map
Caption

One local in Port-au-Prince said the community would unite in the face of the storm's danger.

"We are communicating amongst ourselves thanks to our own means. We will tell the people how the situation is. If things are bad then we will come together."

Unicef said more than four million children might be exposed to hurricane damage.

The UN children's fund representative in Haiti, Marc Vincent, said: "Waterborne diseases are the first threat to children in similar situations - our first priority is to make sure children have enough safe water."

People stand on the coast watching the surf produced by Hurricane Matthew, on the outskirts of Kingston, Jamaica
AP
Jamaica too has been feeling the effects of Hurricane Matthew
 
People wait in a shelter ahead of Hurricane Matthew in Guantanamo, Cuba
AP
Parts of Cuba are also on alert
 

An NHC statement said: "On the forecast track, the eye of Matthew will move near eastern Cuba later [on Tuesday], and move near or over portions of the south-eastern and central Bahamas [on Tuesday night] and Wednesday, and approach the north-western Bahamas on Wednesday night."

About 13,000 people were evacuated from high-risk areas in neighbouring Dominican Republic, which is also expected to get battered by rains and winds, according to the country's civil defence chief.

A hurricane alert is in place for six eastern Cuban provinces and residents are being moved from low-lying areas.

Some 700 spouses and children of US service members have been flown out of the Guantanamo Bay base, which is just 80km from where the storm could make landfall.

It is also predicted to hit the US east coast later in the week. Florida and parts of North Carolina have declared states of emergency.

Hurricane Matthew is the region's most powerful since Felix in 2007.


Hurricane scales

Map showing the world's seven tropical cyclone basins and what the storms that form there are called - 23 October 2015
Caption

Category one: sustained winds of 74-95mph (119-153 km/h); some damage and power cuts

Category two: winds of 96-110mph (154-177 km/h); extensive damage

Category three: winds of 111-129mph (178-208 km/h); well-built homes suffer major damage

Category four: winds of 130-156mph (209-251 km/h); severe damage to well-built homes, most trees snapped or uprooted

Category five: winds of 157 mph (252 km/h) or higher; high percentage of homes destroyed, area uninhabitable for weeks or months

Source: NOAA

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