The United States is a federal republic in which the President of the United States, United States Congress, and United States federal courts share powers reserved to the national government. At the same time, thefederal government shares sovereignty with the state governments.
The executive branch is headed by the President and is formally independent of both the legislature and the judiciary. The cabinet serves as advisers to the President. They include the Vice President and heads of the executive departments. Legislative power is vested in the two chambers of Congress, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The judicial branch (or judiciary), composed of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts, exercises judicial power (or judiciary). The judiciary's function is to interpret the United States Constitution and federal laws and regulations. This includes resolving disputes between the executive and legislative branches. The federal government's layout is explained in the Constitution.
Two political parties, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party, have dominated American politics since the American Civil War, although there are also smaller parties like the Libertarian Party, the Green Party, and the Constitution Party.
There are major differences between the political system of the United States and that of most other developed democracies. These include greater power in the upper house of the legislature, a wider scope of power held by the Supreme Court, the separation of powers between the legislature and the executive, and the dominance of only two main parties. Third parties have less political influence in the United States than in other developed country democracies; this is because of a combination of stringent historic controls. These controls take shape in the form of state and federal laws, informal media prohibitions, and winner-take-all elections, and include ballot access issues and exclusive debate rules.
This multiplicity of jurisdictions reflects the country's history. The federal government was created by the states, which as colonies were established separately and governed themselves independently of the others. Units of local government were created by the colonies to efficiently carry out various state functions. As the country expanded, it admitted new states modeled on the existing ones.
A lawyer for a group set up to help Donald Trump's transition to the White House has accused special counsel Robert Mueller of unlawfully obtaining thousands of emails.
The former Apprentice villain and one of the most prominent black women in the administration is leaving the Trump administration.
The senator's official twitter account tweeted a similar response on Wednesday evening.
A wave of Democratic senators called for their colleague Sen. Al Franken, D-Minn., to resign.
Representative John Conyers, Jr. (D-Michigan) has announced his immediate retirement from Congress, amid allegations of sexual misconduct.
The RNC’s did so after President Trump officially endorsed Moore.
The president is working hard to persuade 83-year-old Sen. Orrin Hatch to run for reelection, and Mitt isn't happy about it, people close to him say.
Donald Trump lashed out at the FBI on Sunday, issuing a fresh denial that he asked former director James Comey to drop an investigation into the conduct of one of his top aides, Michael Flynn.
THE Senate has passed the most sweeping tax rewrite in decades, with Republicans lining up to approve an overhaul that will touch almost every corner of the US.
EX-NATIONAL security adviser Michael Flynn has pleaded guilty to lying to the FBI and is reportedly ready to testify that Donald Trump ordered him to talk to Russia.
Flynn charged with one count of making false statement
Trump confirmed the secretary of state was at the White House after reports emerged the president planned to replace him with CIA director Mike Pompeo
Under the scenario, Sen. Tom Cotton would become the new CIA leader.
The apparent meeting came after Flynn’s legal team reportedly stopped working with Trump’s lawyers.
Democratic colleagues including Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi wanted Conyers to leave the high-profile post but didn't want to be seen as forcing him out.
Taxes, government funding and immigration are just some of the thorny issues on the jam-packed agenda.
The mistrial comes more than two years after Mr. Menendez and Dr. Melgen were charged by federal prosecutors and more than four years after media reports on the relationship between the men led to the investigation.
She also included a photo in which Franken appears to grabbing Tweeden's breast while she's asleep.
Another woman came forward to accuse Alabama Senate candidate Roy Moore of sexual misconduct, saying he groped her in 1991 after she met with him in his law office. Six women have now accused him of sexual misconduct
Democrats look set to hold Virginia's governorship after an ugly race seen as a political cardiogram of the US a year after President Trump's election.