The United States is a federal republic in which the President of the United States, United States Congress, and United States federal courts share powers reserved to the national government. At the same time, thefederal government shares sovereignty with the state governments.
The executive branch is headed by the President and is formally independent of both the legislature and the judiciary. The cabinet serves as advisers to the President. They include the Vice President and heads of the executive departments. Legislative power is vested in the two chambers of Congress, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The judicial branch (or judiciary), composed of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts, exercises judicial power (or judiciary). The judiciary's function is to interpret the United States Constitution and federal laws and regulations. This includes resolving disputes between the executive and legislative branches. The federal government's layout is explained in the Constitution.
Two political parties, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party, have dominated American politics since the American Civil War, although there are also smaller parties like the Libertarian Party, the Green Party, and the Constitution Party.
There are major differences between the political system of the United States and that of most other developed democracies. These include greater power in the upper house of the legislature, a wider scope of power held by the Supreme Court, the separation of powers between the legislature and the executive, and the dominance of only two main parties. Third parties have less political influence in the United States than in other developed country democracies; this is because of a combination of stringent historic controls. These controls take shape in the form of state and federal laws, informal media prohibitions, and winner-take-all elections, and include ballot access issues and exclusive debate rules.
This multiplicity of jurisdictions reflects the country's history. The federal government was created by the states, which as colonies were established separately and governed themselves independently of the others. Units of local government were created by the colonies to efficiently carry out various state functions. As the country expanded, it admitted new states modeled on the existing ones.
US President Donald Trump is backing down on his threat to shut down the government after Democrats refused to grant him the funding to build the wall he wants on the border with Mexico.
The US is facing an impending crisis which could cost the economy billions of dollars. And both sides of politics are refusing to budge.
When selecting his new chief of staff, Mick Mulvaney, President Trump said he wanted someone loyal. But an embarrassing video which has surfaced may change his mind.
The sentencing hearing for Michael Cohen was emotional at times.
US President Donald Trump repeatedly threatened a government shutdown over funding for his proposed border wall in a budget row with top Democrats.
Donald Trump allows no bit of criticism to go unanswered, Exhibit Eleventy-Billion.
Trump said in a tweet the decision was made based on the fact that Russia hadn't yet returned the Ukrainian ships or crew members.
With the US mid-term elections over, attention in the US again quickly returned to when Robert Mueller would make His Next Move. It turns out the wait was just over three weeks.
Pelosi ran unopposed but number of members who voted against her could signal a messy battle when new Congress convenes
Ivanka Trump has defended her use of a private email account she was using for government business saying it is not the same as the Hillary Clinton case.
Trump responded to the news Tuesday by lashing out at Mueller and accusing him of being “a conflicted prosecutor gone rogue,” and again proclaiming the investigation a “Witch Hunt.”
She said she saw no legal path to overturn the results. “The law currently allows no further viable remedy,” she said.
A judge in Washington DC has ordered the White House to return CNN reporter Jim Acosta's press pass after it was revoked by the US Secret Service.
The CNN lawsuit calls the revocation "an unabashed attempt to censor the press and exclude reporters from the White House who challenge and dispute the President's point of view.
The suit was filed in U.S. District Court in Washington, D.C. on Tuesday morning.
But how does the process actually work?
She is being treated at George Washington University Hospital in Washington, D.C.
Sessions announced his plan to resign in a letter to the White House on Wednesday.
Trump, who watched the midterm election returns with family and friends at the White House Tuesday evening, settled into a brief role as spectator, after months of campaigning for Republican congressional and gubernatorial candidates.
STARS across Hollywood have used their voice to vote in the country’s midterm elections, taking to social media to urge their millions of followers to do the same.