The United States is a federal republic in which the President of the United States, United States Congress, and United States federal courts share powers reserved to the national government. At the same time, thefederal government shares sovereignty with the state governments.
The executive branch is headed by the President and is formally independent of both the legislature and the judiciary. The cabinet serves as advisers to the President. They include the Vice President and heads of the executive departments. Legislative power is vested in the two chambers of Congress, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The judicial branch (or judiciary), composed of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts, exercises judicial power (or judiciary). The judiciary's function is to interpret the United States Constitution and federal laws and regulations. This includes resolving disputes between the executive and legislative branches. The federal government's layout is explained in the Constitution.
Two political parties, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party, have dominated American politics since the American Civil War, although there are also smaller parties like the Libertarian Party, the Green Party, and the Constitution Party.
There are major differences between the political system of the United States and that of most other developed democracies. These include greater power in the upper house of the legislature, a wider scope of power held by the Supreme Court, the separation of powers between the legislature and the executive, and the dominance of only two main parties. Third parties have less political influence in the United States than in other developed country democracies; this is because of a combination of stringent historic controls. These controls take shape in the form of state and federal laws, informal media prohibitions, and winner-take-all elections, and include ballot access issues and exclusive debate rules.
This multiplicity of jurisdictions reflects the country's history. The federal government was created by the states, which as colonies were established separately and governed themselves independently of the others. Units of local government were created by the colonies to efficiently carry out various state functions. As the country expanded, it admitted new states modeled on the existing ones.
'Thank you to Rex Tillerson for his service!' Trump tweets, naming CIA head Mike Pompeo to the post
US President Donald Trump has sacked Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, replacing him with the director of the CIA, Mike Pompeo.
Rep. Mike Conaway, the Texas Republican leading the Russia investigation, said Monday that the committee had concluded its interviews for the Russia investigation, and the Republican staff had prepared a 150-page draft report that they would give to Democrats to review on Tuesday morning.
Not tired of all the winning!
Analysis: Former Goldman Sachs No 2 had global outlook that put him at odds with Trump, whom he reportedly held in low personal regard
The former Goldman Sachs executive and frequent target of the right has been the subject of job rumors for months.
In a separate interview hours later with CNN, Nunberg continued to undercut the Trump administration’s claims that no collusion had taken place between its campaign staff and the Russian government to influence the outcome of the 2016 presidential election.
DONALD Trump is angry, isolated and trusts no one. Aides have lifted the lid on the darkest days in the White House.
The Democratic memo amounted to a forceful rebuttal to the president’s portrayal of the Russia inquiry as a “witch hunt” being perpetrated by politically biased leaders of the F.B.I. and the Justice Department.
A former top adviser to the Trump campaign pleaded guilty in special counsel Robert Mueller's Russia investigation. Gates will now help special counsel Robert Mueller's investigation in "any and all matters" as prosecutors continue to probe the 2016 campaign
AS AMERICA reels from the massacre of 17 people at a Florida high school, Donald Trump has suggested he’s willing to act.
A US spy chief has warned that presidential aides with interim security clearances should have "limited" access to secret information.
Senator Rand Paul on Thursday ahead of a budget vote in Washington. He held up the vote in a protest of government spending.
Pelosi followed her surprise statement with a dramatic and lengthy speech on the House floor, where she read heart-tugging stories of DREAMers aspiring to become U.S. citizens while calling on Ryan to guarantee a vote for a long-term legislative solution for their status.
"They are not a priority for deportation," he told reporters.
A four-page memorandum commissioned by Devin Nunes (R-California), chair of the House Intelligence Committee, has been made public over the objections of Democrats, the FBI, and the Department of Justice.
The move came over the fierce objections of the FBI and Justice Department, which have said the document prepared by Republicans on the House intelligence committee is inaccurate and missing critical context.
A bullish US President Donald Trump has proclaimed a "new American moment" as he delivered his maiden State of the Union speech to Congress.
We asked people from around the United States what issues they most want President Trump to focus on during his first State of the Union address. USA TODAY